Louvre Museum, Paris, France

(1793-Present) Biography

 Page 1 of 1   


Mona Lisa
Leonardo Da Vinci

458 USD


Diana Leaving the Bath
François Boucher

333 USD

The Lacemaker
Johannes Vermeer

247 USD

Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione
Raphael

245 USD
 
Virgin and Child with Young St John the Baptist
Sandro Botticelli

317 USD
 
The Virgin and Child
(Madonna of the Guidi da Faenza)

Sandro Botticelli

292 USD
 
The Rialto Bridge, Venice
Canaletto

538 USD
 
Madonna and Child with Saint John the Baptist
Raphael

333 USD
 
The Grand Odalisque
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

319 USD
 
Portrait of French Journalist
Louis-François Bertin

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

306 USD
 
The Turkish Bath
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

397 USD
 
The Great Bather
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

254 USD
 
Joan of Arc at the Coronation of Charles VII
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

405 USD
 
La petite baigneuse -
Interieur de harem

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

243 USD
 
The Sword of Henry IV
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

307 USD
 
Apotheosis of Homer
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

528 USD
 
Roger Freeing Angelica
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

509 USD
 
The Fortune Teller
Caravaggio
269 USD
 
Portrait of Madame Récamier
Jacques-Louis David

364 USD
 
Portrait of Pope Pius VII
Jacques-Louis David

246 USD

The Cliffs at Etretat after the Storm
Gustave Courbet
252 USD

Group of Birds Perched
on Branches

Frans Snyders
312 USD

Bathsheba at Her Bath
Rembrandt van Rijn
345 USD

The Odalisque, 1749
François Boucher

262 USD

The Afternoon Meal
François Boucher

429 USD

The Painter in his Studio
François Boucher

243 USD

Madame de Pompadour, 1750
François Boucher

348 USD

Rinaldo and Armida
François Boucher

441 USD

 Page 1 of 1   

 

The Louvre or the Louvre Museum (French: Musée du Louvre) is one of the world's largest museums and a historic monument in Paris, France. A central landmark of the city, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st arrondissement (ward). Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square metres (652,300 square feet). The Louvre is the world's most visited museum, receiving more than 9.7 million visitors in 2012.

The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace, originally built as a fortress in the late 12th century under Philip II. Remnants of the fortress are visible in the basement of the museum. The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace. In 1682, Louis XIV chose the Palace of Versailles for his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from 1692, a collection of ancient Greek and Roman sculpture. In 1692, the building was occupied by the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons. The Académie remained at the Louvre for 100 years.[3] During the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum to display the nation's masterpieces.

The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, the majority of the works being royal and confiscated church property. Because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. The collection was increased under Napoleon and the museum renamed the Musée Napoléon, but after Napoleon's abdication many works seized by his armies were returned to their original owners. The collection was further increased during the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X, and during the Second French Empire the museum gained 20,000 pieces. Holdings have grown steadily through donations and bequests since the Third Republic. The collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings. 

Collections

The Musée du Louvre contains more than 380,000 objects and displays 35,000 works of art in eight curatorial departments.

Painting

The painting collection has more than 7,500 works from the 13th century to 1848 and is managed by 12 curators who oversee the collection's display. Nearly two-thirds are by French artists, and more than 1,200 are Northern European. The Italian paintings compose most of the remnants of Francis I and Louis XIV's collections, others are unreturned artwork from the Napoleon era, and some were bought. The collection began with Francis, who acquired works from Italian masters such as Raphael, Michelangelo and several works of Giambattista Pittoni like the Christ grants Keys of Paradise to St Peter, Continence of Scipio, Suzanne et les vieillards, Tombeau allégorique de l'archevêque John Tillotson (1630–1694), Bacchus and Ariadne, Mars and Venus, Sacrifice of Polyxena at the Tomb of Achilles, Dido founds Carthage and brought Leonardo da Vinci to his court. After the French Revolution, the Royal Collection formed the nucleus of the Louvre. When the d'Orsay train station was converted into the Musée d'Orsay in 1986, the collection was split, and pieces completed after the 1848 Revolution were moved to the new museum. French and Northern European works are in the Richelieu wing and Cour Carrée; Spanish and Italian paintings are on the first floor of the Denon wing.

Exemplifying the French School are the early Avignon Pietà of Enguerrand Quarton; the anonymous painting of King Jean le Bon (c.1360), possibly the oldest independent portrait in Western painting to survive from the postclassical era; Hyacinthe Rigaud's Louis XIV; Jacques-Louis David's The Coronation of Napoleon; and Eugène Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People. Northern European works include Johannes Vermeer's The Lacemaker and The Astronomer; Caspar David Friedrich's The Tree of Crows; Rembrandt's The Supper at Emmaus, Bathsheba at Her Bath, and The Slaughtered Ox.

The Italian holdings are notable, particularly the Renaissance collection. The works include Andrea Mantegna and Giovanni Bellini's Calvarys, which reflect realism and detail "meant to depict the significant events of a greater spiritual world". The High Renaissance collection includes Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, Virgin and Child with St. Anne, St. John the Baptist, and Madonna of the Rocks. Caravaggio is represented by The Fortune Teller and Death of the Virgin. From 16th century Venice, the Louvre displays Titian's Le Concert Champetre, The Entombment and The Crowning with Thorns

The La Caze Collection, a bequest to the Musée du Louvre in 1869 by Louis La Caze, was the largest contribution of a person in the history of the Louvre. La Caze gave 584 paintings of his personal collection to the museum. The bequest included Antoine Watteau's Commedia dell'arte player of Pierrot ("Gilles"). In 2007, this bequest was the topic of the exhibition "1869: Watteau, Chardin... entrent au Louvre. La collection La Caze".

Some of the best known paintings of the museum have been digitized by the French Center for Research and Restoration of the Museums of France. 

Source: Wikipedia