Ilya Semenovich Ostroukhov (1858–1929) was a
Ostroukhov was born to a rich family. Mingling with the painter at Abramtsevo,
he began to take an interest in painting, and in 1882, started taking private
classes from the leading Russian pedagogue Pavel Chistyakov. In 1885, Ostroukhov
joined the Association of Travelling Art Exhibitions. Ostroukhov was primarily a
landscape painter with a praised ability for depicting the natural. Arguably, his
most famous painting is "The North Wind (Siverko)" (1890), considered by many
one of the greatest Russian landscape paintings of the 19th century. Ostroukhov was
a fervent art collector, and after the October Revolution his personal collection
was merged with the Tretyakov Gallery. He later became one of the members of its
administrative commission. Ostroukhov spent the remainder of his life working as an
art theoritican, and wrote several notable extensive texts on art.
Nature is so generous and versatile gave Ostroukhov that painting was only one
of the stages in his life. Nevertheless, he managed to create such a memorable
images of Russian nature that will be remembered in the history of Russian art.
Contemporaries at one time (in the late 1880's - early 1890's.) Pinned great hopes
on him than I. Levitan .
Ostroukhov came from a very wealthy merchant family, has received an excellent
education, he knew three foreign languages and played the piano. In his youth,
fond of natural history, and gathered such a large collection of samples of the
flora and fauna of central Russia that "the young naturalist known not only Russian
scientists, but also European" ( Valentin Serov ).
Ostroukhov first picked up a brush in twenty-one. At first he worked alone, then
the advice I. Repin , I. Shishkin , in the early 1880s. spent two winters in St.
Petersburg, a student of the famous academic Professor Pavel Chistyakov.
in mid-1880. Ostroukhov already succeeds. His paintings of the "Golden Autumn"
(1886-87), "First Green" (1887-88) - "mood landscapes" as Levitan, but without the
sense of drama Levitanovsky being. Here there is the beauty of life, but without
melancholy. The most famous painting "Siverko" (1890). This is a panoramic
landscape with a high horizon line. Depicts a turn of the river with a sandy steep
bank, wood strip away running down the rows of gray skies, low clouds and ripples
on the water from sudden gusts of cold wind.
The new motif, the high degree of generality, unexpectedly powerful expression
of feelings that rise in the human soul from contact with the vital forces of
nature, - all this made the picture Ostroukhova significant phenomenon in the
paintings of the late XIX century. Pavel Tretyakov, was "Siverko" the best scenery
of the gallery.
Sequels were not. Ostroukhov as if everything said. He leaves the painting is
almost entirely carried away by the gathering. After the death Tretyakov he became
a member of the Board of Trustees of the Gallery. He also creates his own
remarkable collection, which was a lovely picture on the artistic level of Russian
artists of XVIII and XIX centuries. and a unique collection of ancient icons.
Ostroukhova - artist, collector, art historian and expert public figure and
eccentric - known in Moscow all. Thus, although his collection and nationalized
after the revolution, his house in the alley Trubnikovsky special decree declared a
museum iconography and painting them. Ostroukhov, and the owner of the house was a
lifelong keeper of his treasures. Unfortunately, after his death, the collection
sold by the largest museums in Moscow and Leningrad.