Gilbert Charles Stuart (born
Stewart; December 3, 1755 – July 9, 1828) was an American
painter from Rhode Island.
Gilbert Stuart is widely considered to be one of America's foremost
portraitists. His best known work, the unfinished portrait of George Washington
that is sometimes referred to as The Athenaeum, was begun in 1796 and never
finished; Stuart retained the portrait and used it to paint 130 copies which he
sold for $100 each. The image of George Washington featured in the painting has
appeared on the United States one-dollar bill for over a century, and on various
U.S. Postage stamps of the 19th century and early 20th century.
Throughout his career, Gilbert Stuart produced portraits of over 1,000 people,
including the first six Presidents of the United States. His work can be found
today at art museums across the United States and the United Kingdom, most notably
the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Frick Collection in New York City, the National
Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., the National Portrait Gallery, London,
Worcester Art Museum in Massachusetts, and the Museum of Fine Arts in